A home electrical system is fitted with safety features such as circuit breakers, switching devices that are either automatically or manually controlled to protect your power system. If you do not have an electrical circuit breaker you are open to a high risk of electrical shocks, electrocution and electrical fires. Ask your local electrician on The Gold Coast to check your home electrical system to ensure it’s safe.
These five tips will help you chose the right circuit breakers for your home
- Main circuit breaker panel
Your electricity supply comes from your utility company and is fed through a meter to determine the amount of power you use and work out your power bill. It then goes to your breaker panel. Your electrician on the Gold Coast will help you chose the right size breaker panel to suit your home and the number of circuits you require.
- Choosing the number of breaker switches required
You will need a breaker switch for every circuit of wiring around your home. Normally the different circuits are divided into areas and usage. There would be at least one internal lighting circuit and one external circuit.
The water heater is usually on an individual circuit, as are heavy use appliances such as air, conditioners, home furnaces, swimming pools, pumps and saunas.
Often there is a circuit for the kitchen, a separate circuit for bedrooms, another for the home office and one in the laundry. Garage and out building either have a separate breaker switch or their own breaker board depending on the circuits required in each area.
- Deciding on the amperage capacity of each circuit breaker
Most circuit breaker panels used in homes are rated to take 100 to 150 amps.
The individual breaker switches are rated for the maximum amount of amperage they will be expected to handle at one time. Consult your electrician on The Gold Coast to determine the ratings required for each circuit or check each appliance. They will have a panel that gives their capacity and amp usage. It’s important to understand that often when some appliances start, they required much more power than when running. For example fridges, freezers, appliances with motors and even florescent lights use more power when starting to give an initial boost
- Consider the types of breaker switches required
Single pole circuit breakers are normally used for lighting with ratings of between 10 to 20 amps. Double pole circuit breakers are used for water heaters and heavy duty appliances.
Circuit breakers are normally operated at a maximum of up to 80% of their stated capacity. When calculating the size and capacity of your system, add up all the maximum loadings of every appliance you use in your home to find the right breaker board to use. Then add up all the fittings and appliances you expect to use in each circuit, giving a 20% safety margin to find the right sized breaker switch for each circuit.
Your electrician on The Gold Coast is specially trained to be able to quickly access your current wiring circuitry and will be able to advise you on your safety requirements. The main consideration is to ensure you have the right circuit breakers.